How to use quotes in academic writing

Students include four quotations where one would do. Adding Clarification, Comment, or Correction Within quotations, use square brackets [ ] not parentheses to add your own clarification, comment, or correction.

According to Jonathan Clarke, "Professional diplomats often say that trying to think diplomatically about foreign policy is a waste of time. Further research must be conducted before a solution can be found.

A maximum of about two quotes per page is generally recommended. No punctuation if the quote is fully integrated According to Princeton Writing Centrepara.

Some writers have expressed their concern. You should note that the words in the quotation are exactly the same as in the original passage, it is within quotation marks and that the original source has been quoted within the sentence, that the quote is part of, the full stop comes after the citation.

How many students actually read the guide to find out what is meant by "academic misconduct"? Note the fact that the quote becomes an integral part of the sentence.

If the authors are John Benson and Mary Jones, it would be incorrect to refer throughout the essay to what Benson said or what he discovered. Identifying direct quotes Read this paragraph and note the direct quotes: Look at these examples and decide if there is anything wrong with them.

Here are several examples of how to quote in an essay. A direct quote may be: There is little doubt that this is an unworkable and unacceptable solution to the problem. At times, you will not want to quote the whole passage and where you wish to omit part of it, type three or four dots to indicate that a section has been deliberately omitted because it is unnecessary.

Rules for punctuating direct quotes When you join your introductory words to your quote, use the following punctuation rules: As Blair Blair, The quoted passage is indented. Because the quote is only part of the original sentence, the writer puts three dots at the start and end of the quotation.

Direct quoting should not, however, be the primary strategy for presenting evidence in your writing. Punctuating with quotation marks Introducing a quotation One of your jobs as a writer is to guide your reader through your text.

We quote from a particular source when we use the original words from a text without any changes.

How to Quote a Source

The quotation must be relevant to the argument that you are making. Emmit notes Emmit, Notice also the position of the full-stop when we have the reference at the very end of the sentence. Another point to remember is that where several authors have written one book or article, and the first named author is a man, you should not refer to he when you mean they.

Academic Writing Quotes

Blend the words of the author with your own words. Long direct quotes APA rules Long quotes are 40 words or more. It is much better to either paraphrase or summarizeso that the original has been rewritten in your own words and incorporated into your own writing.

Formatting Quotations Short direct prose Incorporate short direct prose quotations into the text of your paper and enclose them in double quotation marks: It is, no doubt, extremely difficult even to conjecture by what gradations many structures have been perfected, more especially among broken and failing groups of organic beings, which have suffered much extinction; but we see so many strange gradations in nature, that we ought to be extremely cautious in saying that any organ or instinct, or any whole structure, could not have arrived at its present state by many graduated steps.

The quotation should support a point that you have just made. They should be used very sparingly and the second type where a large block of text has been quoted should be used even less. Excellent Proofreading and Writing An important part of academic writing is including the ideas of others into your own writing.

With block quotations, check the guidelines for the documentation system you are using. It is useful sometimes to use the original words of the author when those exact words carry special significance.And quotations are only one type of evidence: well-balanced papers may also make use of paraphrases, data, and statistics.

The types of evidence you use will depend in part on the conventions of the discipline or audience for which you are writing. Quotation marks are also used to call attention to new words or phrases, which is particularly useful in science and technical writing, such as in the following sentence: One of the several branches of zoology, “ichthyology,” concentrates on the study of fish.

The producer of this video is Chaya Radin from the Massbay Community College, Academic achievement center and her video is titled "The effective use of quotes in academic writing". Most professional researchers will put this level of scrutiny into every source they plan to use in their papers, which is why it’s worth the effort for students to find and use peer-reviewed academic sources, rather than random web pages.

How to quote a source Additional resources These materials will help you avoid plagiarism by teaching you how to properly integrate information from published sources into your own writing.

“None of these classy locutions mean anything different from the simpler ones they replace.

Academic Skills

They work ceremonially, not semantically. Writing in a classy way to sound smart means writing to sound like, maybe even be, a certain kind of person.

How to use quotes in academic writing
Rated 5/5 based on 81 review